Purolator Inc.

Shipping Dangerous Goods

Dangerous Goods

Purolator is a leading Canadian carrier of dangerous goods for both air and ground transport. We carry a wide range of dangerous goods for our customers across the most extensive network in Canada. Supported by our team of certified Dangerous Goods Specialists, we have an exemplary safety and compliance record.
 
To learn more about how Purolator can meet your dangerous goods needs, click on the buttons below to expand each section.
 
 
 
 
 

Identifying Dangerous Goods

Purolator is a leader in the transport of dangerous goods (DG) in Canada and accepts shipments for both air and ground transport. Shipments containing dangerous goods must be tendered to Purolator in accordance with the Transportation of Dangerous Goods (TDG) Act and Regulations for ground shipments and the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) Technical Instructions for air shipments. Purolator’s terms and conditions contain further information.

Dangerous goods are articles or substances that are capable of posing a risk to health, safety, property or the environment and are subject to government regulations. Dangerous goods are not always obvious and many items are, or contain, regulated substances. Some common items are considered dangerous goods such as: some paint, aerosols, lithium batteries (either separate or contained in cell phones, laptops, video cameras, etc.), dry ice, perfumes, airbags, ammunition, butane, fireworks, gasoline, lighters, car batteries, matches, nail polish, nail polish remover, solvents, some chemicals, and more. If you are unsure whether your item is regulated by TDG or ICAO, please check the items’ Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) for further information.

Shipper Responsibility

As the shipper, you are responsible to identify, classify, package, mark, label and complete documentation for dangerous goods according to the relevant government laws and regulations. Additional regulatory requirements include that the shipper:

  • be adequately trained in packaging and shipping dangerous goods, or 
  • hold a training certificate or perform those activities under the direct supervision of a trained person who holds a certificate
  • supply the appropriate dangerous goods vehicle placards when necessary

Failure to meet these requirements could create dangerous conditions and result in the shipper being subject to governmental fines and penalties under applicable laws.

Disclaimer: Please note that we are providing this information for guidance purposes only.  All shippers should refer to applicable dangerous goods laws and regulations to ensure compliance prior to shipping.

Shipping Options

Dangerous goods may only be tendered to a Purolator driver or a Purolator Shipping Centre in person. Tendering a shipment containing dangerous goods to Purolator does not mean it has been “accepted for carriage” by Purolator. A shipment containing dangerous goods is only deemed to be accepted once a Purolator Dangerous Goods Specialist has verified the regulatory compliance of the shipment at a Purolator facility. Dangerous goods will travel in accordance with the terms and conditions applicable to the selected service and, if applicable, selected mode of carriage, once accepted by Purolator.

Purolator offers the following five options for tendering dangerous goods shipments through our automated shipping systems. It is the shipper’s responsibility to select the appropriate category for each shipment. A series of job aids for these preparation methods and some common products are available in the Document & Support Centre.

1.  Limited Quantity (Ground only)

  • Replaces the former Consumer Commodity designation.
  • Refers to shipments restricted in quantity and offered for transport without documentation or hazard labels.
  • Must be marked with one of the acceptable Limited Quantity markings.
  • Acceptable for transport by road vehicle only (air shipments must be prepared as Fully Regulated).
  • Purolator’s Dangerous Goods surcharge will not apply, but Special Handling may apply as these shipments require manual handling.
  • For more details, please refer to the Limited Quantity job aid.

2. UN3373:  Biological substance Category B (Air and Ground)

  • No documentation is required provided that the dangerous goods information is recorded on the waybill. If this option is selected in any of the automated shipping systems, the correct information will be preprinted on the bill of lading.
  • Packaging restriction: all UN3373 shipments must be contained in a 3-layer package. The first two layers (primary and intermediate) must be leak-proof and the third layer (outer packaging) must be rigid.
  • Shipments travelling by ground must show a 24 hour emergency telephone number next to the proper shipping name. Shipments travelling by air must show a 24 hour emergency telephone number and the name of the person responsible for the shipment both on the package and the bill of lading.
  • Purolator’s Dangerous Goods surcharge will not apply, but Special Handling may apply as these shipments require manual handling.
  • For more details, please refer to the Biological & Infectious Substances job aid.

3. UN1845: Dry Ice/Solid carbon dioxide (Air and Ground)

  • Dry ice is exempt from the TDG regulations by ground if used only as a refrigerant. The words “Dry ice as refrigerant” is required to be included on the bill of lading.
  • For air shipments, the package must display a Class 9 hazard label (Miscellaneous Dangerous Goods), the proper shipping name, the UN # and the net quantity of the dry ice.
  • The package must be vented to allow for release of carbon dioxide gas.
  • A shipper's declaration form is not required, provided the dangerous goods information is recorded on the bill of lading. If the UN1845 option is selected in any of Purolator’s automated shipping systems, the correct information will be preprinted on the bill of lading.
  • Purolator’s Dangerous Goods surcharge will not apply but Special Handling may apply as these shipments require manual handling.
  • For more details, please refer to the Dry Ice job aid.

4. 500 kg Exemption (Ground only)

  • Only those dangerous goods listed in section 1.16 of the TDG Regulations are acceptable for the 500 kg exemption.
  • Each piece of the shipment must weigh 30 kg or less and be marked and labeled according to the TDG Regulations.
  • The shipper is not required to provide dangerous goods documentation.
  • 500 kg applies to the total amount on any one vehicle.
  • Acceptable for transport by road vehicle only.
  • This exemption is not allowed for Purolator Freight shipments.
  • Purolator’s Dangerous Goods surcharge is applicable.
  • For more details, please refer to the 500 kg Exemption job aid.

5. Fully Regulated (Air and Ground)

  • Fully Regulated substances and materials offered for transport require full marking, labeling, specification packaging (where applicable) and dangerous goods documentation. Refer to the Document & Support Centre for sample forms.
  • Limited Quantity shipments transported by air must be prepared as fully regulated.
  • Purolator does not require Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) on shipments, however, our DG Specialists may request them to verify whether or not a product is regulated for transport.
  • Purolator’s Dangerous Goods surcharge is applicable.
  • For more details, please refer to the Fully Regulated job aid.

This table summarizes the shipping options available for Air, Ground – Courier and Ground – Freight shipments.

Shipping Option

Air

Ground – Courier

Ground – Freight

Limited Quantity

No

Yes

Yes

UN 3373 Biological

Yes

Yes

Yes

UN 1845 Dry Ice

Yes

Yes

Yes

500 kg Exemption

No

Yes

No

Fully Regulated

Yes

Yes

Yes

DG Classes: Acceptable, Restricted and Not Acceptable Guidelines

Purolator accepts a wide range of dangerous goods for transport within Canada and to the United States. The classes that are acceptable, restricted or not acceptable are listed below. Purolator does not accept dangerous goods shipments to international destinations.

Acceptable within Canada
Class  Description
1.4G Explosives: UN0191, UN0197, UN0312, UN0336, UN0403, UN0431, UN0453, UN0493
Prepared for ground transport using TDGR Section 1.16
1.4S        Safety Explosives
2.1     Flammable Gases
2.2       Non-flammable / Non-toxic Gases
3     Flammable Liquids
4    Flammable Solids, Spontaneously Combustible and Water Reactive
5.1  Oxidizers
6.1 Toxic Substances
6.2  Infectious Substances
Radioactive Materials
8 Corrosives
Miscellaneous Dangerous Goods
 
Restricted within Canada - Prior Approval by Manager of Dangerous Goods required
1.4 G   Explosives - other than those UN numbers in the acceptable list
5.2  Organic Peroxides - other than Limited Quantity by ground
 
Not acceptable within Canada
1    Explosives (except 1.4S or 1.4G) as listed above
2.3   Toxic Gases
 
Acceptable to the U.S. by Air
2.1  Flammable Gases*
2.2  Non-flammable/ Non-Toxic Gases*
Flammable Liquids*
4.1 Flammable Solids*
8 Corrosives*
9 Miscellaneous Dangerous Goods*
* Dangerous Goods shipments by Air are restricted to specific UN numbers and quantity. Please call 1 888 SHIP-123 for details.
 

Acceptable to the U.S. by Ground

Shipments prepared for ground transport as Limited Quantity only.  

Not acceptable to the U.S.              
1   Explosives (ALL)
2.3  Toxic Gases
Divisions 4.2 and 4.3
5 All Divisions
6.1 Toxic Substances
6.2 Infectious Substances
7 Radioactive Materials

U.S. destinations: All dangerous goods accepted for carriage into the United States, except Limited Quantity by ground, must be in compliance for transport by passenger aircraft. Cargo Aircraft Only (CAO) shipments are not acceptable. Shipments must be packed according to the applicable packing instructions and contained in an outer box.

Purolator Freight restrictions: The following dangerous goods exemptions cannot be utilized for Freight Shipments (refer to Part 1 of the TDG Regulations for details).

Exemption

Description

1.15                             

150 kg Gross Mass Exemption

1.16

500 kg Exemption

1.31

Class 1, Explosive Exemption

1.32.3

Class 2, Gases, In Small Means of Containment Exemption

1.34.1

UN1203, GASOLINE to Operate an Instrument or Equipment Exemption

1.35

UN1202, DIESEL FUEL, or UN1203, GASOLINE Exemption

Services Available

Services available for shipping dangerous goods

  • Canadian destinations: Purolator Express®, Purolator Express® 9AM, Purolator Express® 10:30AM, Purolator Ground®, Purolator Ground® 9AM and Purolator Ground® 10:30AM. These delivery services are available for shipping dangerous goods provided the shipments are compliant to the TDG Regulations or ICAO Technical Instructions and have been verified and accepted by a Purolator Dangerous Goods Specialist. See Purolator Terms and Conditions of Service for more information.
  • Canadian Freight destinations: Purolator Expedited™ LTL. This delivery service is available for shipping dangerous goods provided the shipments are compliant to the TDG Regulations or ICAO Technical Instructions and have been verified and accepted by a Purolator Dangerous Goods Specialist. See Purolator Terms and Conditions of Service for more information.
  • Saturday Service: Purolator will accept Saturday Service shipments which contain dangerous goods for Friday pickup/Saturday delivery only. Shipments containing dangerous goods will not be picked up Saturday for Monday delivery.
  • Hold For Pick Up (HFPU): Dangerous goods shipments can be sent HFPU at any Purolator Shipping Centre, but cannot be sent HFPU at a Purolator Authorized Shipping Agent.
  • U.S. destinations: Regulated dangerous goods to the United States, excluding those prepared as Limited Quantity shipments by ground, must be prepared for carriage by air in compliance with the ICAO Technical Instructions. See Acceptable, Restricted and Not Acceptable Guidelines.
  • Declared Value: Dangerous goods shipments can have a declared value for carriage, as long as they are not prohibited articles or shipper’s risk shipments. See Purolator Terms and Conditions of Service for more information.

Services Not Available

Services not available for shipping dangerous goods

  • Beyond Points: Dangerous goods services to, or from beyond points are not available.
  • Agent Drop Off: Dangerous goods shipments cannot be dropped off at Purolator Authorized Shipping Agents, Staples locations, PostNet stores or Canada Post.
  • Signature Not Required/Origin Signature Not Required (SNR, O-SNR): All dangerous goods shipments, including Limited Quantity, require an adult signature. An adult is an individual that appears to Purolator’s driver to be over the age of majority.
  • International: Dangerous goods service is not available for international shipments.

Regulatory Updates & Service Limitations

Regulatory Updates

Effective April 1, 2016

There have been several changes to the ICAO and IATA regulations regarding the air transport of lithium ion batteries. A summary of these changes are:

  • Lithium ion batteries (UN3480) must not be charged at more than 30% of their rated capacity.
  • All air shipments of UN3480 now require a Cargo Aircraft Only (CAO) label in addition to any other required labels. CAO label must be on the same side of the package as other required labels, if space allows.
  • Multi-piece air shipments of UN3480 are no longer allowed. All air shipments of UN3480 must now be single piece.
  • Lithium ion batteries cannot be shipped as cargo on passenger aircraft. Purolator’s air network only utilizes cargo aircraft.

For full details on the new requirements, please refer to the regulations.

Effective Jul 1, 2015

Listed below are some of the key changes from the TDG amendment identified as:
Regulations Amending the Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations (Lithium Metal Batteries, ERAPs and Updates to Schedules). Refer to the link below for the full list of changes.

Link to TDG amendment:
http://www.gazette.gc.ca/rp-pr/p2/2014/2014-12-31/html/sor-dors306-eng.php

    • Lithium Metal batteries forbidden on passenger aircraft
      Shipments of lithium metal batteries (UN3090) are forbidden from transport on passenger carrying aircraft as per Special Provision 149. SP 149 is in effect as of Dec 31, 2014.

    • Lithium batteries
      The list of UN numbers for ground transport has added UN3480 (Lithium Ion Batteries) and UN3481 (Lithium Ion Batteries, packed with or contained in equipment). Special Provision 34 has been revised to require specific safety markings for lithium batteries exceeding the exemption criteria. A document containing the safety markings must also accompany each shipment. Additional information can be found in the Purolator job aids Lithium Batteries by Air and Lithium Batteries by Ground.

  • Ammunition
    Some types of ammunition (UN0012, UN0014, UN0055) may be offered for transport as Limited Quantity if they meet the conditions of Special Provision 125. Additional information can be found in the Purolator job aid for Ammunition.

Effective Jan 15, 2015

Listed below are some of the key changes from the TDG amendment identified as:
Regulations Amending the Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations (Part 4, Dangerous Goods Safety Marks). The transition period for this amendment has passed so these changes are included in the online version of the regulations.

  • Vehicle placards
    Any quantity of Class 4.3 (water reactive substances) and Class 6.1 (toxic substances) with Special Provision 23 requires vehicle placards. The use of the “DANGER” placard is not acceptable for these two classes of dangerous goods.
  • Consolidation bin tags
    A “consolidation bin” is a container used to group together multiple dangerous goods shipments so that they can be removed or added to during transport. This applies to all bins, including wire mesh and solid wall bins, used to transport dangerous goods. A tag must be attached to the consolidation bin to identify the classes of dangerous goods contained in the bin.
  • Overpack
    An overpack is an enclosure used by a single shipper to consolidate one or more small dangerous goods shipments. This definition is extended to include items, such as a pallet comprised of different classes of dangerous goods, shrink wrapped for ease of handling. The requirement for this type of overpack is that at least one hazard label for each class of dangerous goods on the pallet must be visible. Alternatively, hazard labels for each class of dangerous goods on the pallet must be applied to the overpack (shrink wrap). Additionally, the word “overpack” or “suremballage” is required on the outside of the overpack (shrink wrap).

Effective Jan. 1, 2014

UN number or ID number markings — including the UN or ID prefix and four-digit number — must meet new minimum-size requirements effective Jan. 1, 2014. Refer to the current ICAO Technical Instructions For The Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air.

Lithium batteries

Lithium batteries are contained in many electronic devices such as laptops, cell phones and video cameras. These items, or the batteries themselves, may be classified as dangerous goods. There are specific requirements for air shipments including the use of the lithium battery shipping document. For more information on the requirements, please review Lithium Batteries are Dangerous Goods on the Transport Canada website.

Lithium batteries that are defective, damaged, being recalled or recycled are not permitted on an aircraft under any circumstances. When a defective or damaged lithium battery is enclosed within a laptop, cell phone or other device, the battery must be removed before Purolator can accept the shipment.

Service Limitations

Newfoundland - Ferry limitations
Some dangerous goods shipments traveling to Newfoundland cannot be shipped by ground because of Maritime regulations that limit or prohibit dangerous goods on passenger ships. Shippers are advised to consult the TDG Regulations, Schedule 1, Column 8 to confirm if their shipment is acceptable to travel by ferry. If the dangerous good contains any number, including 0, or the words “Forbidden” indicated in TDG Regulations, Schedule 1, Column 8, the shipment must be tendered by air.

Any dangerous goods shipment that is destined to Newfoundland by ferry must be prepared as Fully Regulated or as a Limited Quantity shipment. The ferry service being used will not allow shipments prepared under the 500kg exemption. Class 7, Radioactive Materials are not accepted due to carrier restrictions.

Powell River, British Columbia - Ferry limitations

B.C. ferries will not allow dangerous goods shipments on board, and therefore dangerous goods shipments destined to Powell River, BC, must travel on a barge that operates on Tuesdays and Thursdays only. Customers are advised of possible service delays as a result.

Extended Ground limitations

Some extended ground destinations (multiple day transit times) may have service limitations for the following:

Class 4.3 UN1402 Calcium Carbide
Class 6.2 Infectious Substances
Class 7 Radioactive Material
Any shipment described as “Toxic by Inhalation”; and
Any shipment requiring an Emergency Response Assistance Plan (ERAP).  

If you have any questions, please call 1 888 SHIP-123 or use Purolator’s Live Chat.

Dangerous Goods Training

The Canadian government requirements for dangerous goods training are described in Part 6 of the Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations (TDGR). These requirements state that a person who handles, offers for transport or transports dangerous goods must:

  • be adequately trained and hold a training certificate in accordance with this Part; or
  • perform those activities in the presence and under the direct supervision of a person who is adequately trained and who holds a training certificate in accordance with this Part.

Additionally, the TDGR outlines the specific topics a person must be adequately trained in for the handling and transport of dangerous goods.

Purolator provides initial and recurrent training for employees with respect to the safe and secure handling and transportation of dangerous goods. The training program was developed and is regularly updated by our internal team of experts to meet the requirements of the Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations and includes appropriate handling and spill prevention, emergency response and agency notification.

For more information regarding training, please send us an e-mail at DGhelp@purolator.com.